May 26, 2011

How to hide your JavaScript code

Billy Hoffman, author of "Ajax Security", has a very interesting talk about JavaScript named "The Evil Parts" where he talks about the "evil" things a person can accomplish using JavaScript.

One of the things he shows us are two functions, a dehydrate and a hydrate function. He uses them to hide/display malicious code, to "dehydrate" JavaScript, so the code is transformed into whitespace and tabs, therefore becoming invisible.
// to "dehydrate" a string of code
function dehydrate(s) {
    var r = new Array();
    for (var i = 0; i < s.length; i++) {
        for (var j = 6; j >= 0; j--) {
            if (s.charCodeAt(i) & (Math.pow(2, j))) {
                r.push(' ');
            } else {
    return r.join('');
// to "hydrate" a string of code
function hydrate(s) {
    var r = []; var curr = 0;
    while (s.charAt(curr) != '\n') {
        var tmp = 0;
        for (var i = 6; i >= 0; i--) {
            if (s.charAt(curr) == ' ') {
                tmp = tmp | (Math.pow(2, i));
    return r.join('');

So you dehydrate the code to hide it. And you hydrate it back and then eval it to execute it.
The code does become larger (x7 according to him) because it goes character by character transforming them, but hey, it's invisible code!

Give it a try, you know you want to.

Billy Hoffman - JavaScript: The Evil Parts

May 19, 2011

How many global variables are there?

We all know global variables in JavaScript are bad.

If you declare a bunch of variables/functions in the global namespace they become properties of the global object, in the browser that would be the window object.

So the other day I was thinking of a way to find out how many of them were in a page. So I came up with this script that you can run to find out:
(function (window) {
    var document = window.document,
        hasOwnProperty = Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty,
        globals = [],

    for (prop in window) {
        !, prop) && globals.push('@');

    div = document.getElementById('abc-js-globals') ||
        document.createElement('div'); = || 'abc-js-globals';
    div.innerHTML = '<h2>Global Variables:</h2><ul>'
        + globals.join('') + '</ul>';


You can paste that in the Firebug/Inspector console and a list of the globals will show up at the end of the page.
The names that start with @ mean they are properties inherited from the prototype chain.

UPDATE: I changed the code to be slightly faster (I think). I guess that makes it version 1.1.